Penal Reforms

  • Under the Royal Command of His Majesty, the Druk Gyalpo in 1995, the High Court started drafting the Penal Code of Bhutan, which was enacted by the National Assembly in the year 2004. The Penal Code is the consolidation of sections from then existing Acts dealing with criminal offences. It is intended to reinstate dignity to the victims of crime and increase the possibilities for rehabilitation of offenders. The contents of this Code reflect both the descriptive and normative functions.


  • His Majesty the Druk Gyalpo commanded the establishment of the Youth Development and Rehabilitation Centre for juveniles on March 26, 1997. The Centre situated at Tshimalakha provides assistance and support programmes, particularly with regards to nutrition, clothing and housing. It aims at reinstating the juvenile back into the society as a reformed and responsible citizen.


  • His Majesty the Druk Gyalpo abolished capital punishment by a Royal Decree on March 20, 2004.