Acts & Rules

Acts and Rules

Thrimzhung Chhenmo

During the reign of the Third King, His Late Majesty Jigme Dorji Wangchuck, the National Assembly enacted the first comprehensive codified laws known as the Thrimzhung Chhenmo, or Supreme Law, in 1953, which contain almost all modern categories of criminal offenses and their penalties

The Civil and Criminal Procedure Code

Based on the principle of natural justice, the Court Procedure of Bhutan was enacted 2001 to fill the procedural lacuna existing prior to its enactment. In Bhutan, means are no less important than the ends.

The Code provides for the rights of the people and the obligations of the Authorities. Prior to the passing of the Civil and Criminal Procedure Code of Bhutan, the Thrimzhung Chenmo, Kadyon, the Police Act of 1980, the National Security Act of 1992 and Loan Act contained rules and regulations dealing with court procedure. The enactment of the Civil and Criminal Procedure Code was the most crucial and significant reform the judiciary had initiated. The Code was the result of nine years of research and hard work by and under the leadership and aegis of H.E, Lyonpo Sonam Tobgye, the Honourable Chief Justice of Bhutan.



Penal Code of Bhutan

Under the Royal Command of His Majesty the Druk Gyalpo in 1995, the High Court started drafting the Penal Code of Bhutan, which was enacted by the National Assembly in the year 2004.

The Penal Code is the consolidation of sections from then existing Acts dealing with criminal offences. It is intended to reinstate dignity to the victims of crime and increase the possibilities for rehabilitation of offenders.


Evidence Act of Bhutan


Jabmi Act of Bhutan

Judicial Service Act

Civil Society Organizations Act



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