During the reign of the Third King, His
Late Majesty Jigme Dorji Wangchuck, the National Assembly
enacted the first comprehensive codified laws known as
the Thrimzhung Chhenmo, or Supreme Law, in 1953, which
contain almost all modern categories of criminal offenses
and their penalties
The Civil and Criminal Procedure Code
Based on the principle of natural justice,
the Court Procedure of Bhutan was enacted 2001 to fill
the procedural lacuna existing prior to its enactment.
In Bhutan, means are no less important than the ends.
The Code provides for the rights of the
people and the obligations of the Authorities. Prior to
the passing of the Civil and Criminal Procedure Code of
Bhutan, the Thrimzhung Chenmo, Kadyon, the Police Act
of 1980, the National Security Act of 1992 and Loan Act
contained rules and regulations dealing with court procedure.
The enactment of the Civil and Criminal Procedure Code
was the most crucial and significant reform the judiciary
had initiated. The Code was the result of nine years of
research and hard work by and under the leadership and
aegis of H.E, Lyonpo Sonam Tobgye, the Honourable Chief
Justice of Bhutan.
Penal Code of Bhutan
Under the Royal Command of His Majesty the Druk Gyalpo in 1995, the High Court started drafting the Penal Code of Bhutan, which was enacted by the National Assembly in the year 2004.
The Penal Code is the consolidation of sections from then existing Acts dealing with criminal offences. It is intended to reinstate dignity to the victims of crime and increase the possibilities for rehabilitation of offenders.
Evidence Act of Bhutan
Jabmi Act of Bhutan
Judicial Service Act
Civil Society Organizations Act